Johnny Got His Gun is a novel about Joe Bonham, a soldier fighting in World War I. Joe wakes up in a hospital after being blasted by an artillery shell and realizes he has no arms, legs or face. After attempting suicide by suffocation, Joe communicates in Morse code by banging his head, informing military officials that he wants to tour the country in a glass box as a testimony to the reality of war. He knows this will not happen and reflects on the horrors of war.
Joe Bonham, a young American soldier serving in World War I, awakens in a hospital bed after being caught in the blast of an exploding artillery shell. He gradually realizes that he has lost his arms, legs, and all of his face (including his eyes, ears, teeth, and tongue), but that his mind functions perfectly, leaving him a prisoner in his own body.
Joe attempts suicide by suffocation, but finds that he had been given a tracheotomy which he can neither remove nor control. At first Joe wishes to die, but later decides that he desires to be placed in a glass box and toured around the country in order to show others the true horrors of war. Joe successfully communicates these desires with military officials by banging his head on his pillow in Morse code. However, he realizes that the military will not grant his wishes, as it is "against regulations". It is implied that he will live the rest of his natural life in his condition.
As Joe drifts between reality and fantasy, he remembers his old life with his family and girlfriend, and reflects upon the myths and realities of war.