On the Origin of Species is an 1859 scientific work by Charles Darwin explaining his theory of natural selection, which he arrived upon in the years since his Beagle expedition in the 1830s. Darwin argued that populations would grow if not for limited resources and, as a result, members of a species compete for these resources. Because of hereditary variety within a species, some members receive these resources and others do not. As a result, these members survive and proliferate, causing species to change and diverge over time.
Emma is Jane Austen's classic 1815 novel of misguided matchmaking, following socialite Emma Woodhouse as she attempts to find her friend Harriet the perfect husband. Emma's scheming soon causes misunderstandings not only involving Harriet, but also Mr. Elton, the vicar, Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax, Highbury peers of Emma's, and Mr. Knightley, the Woodhouse's family friend. Though Emma's attempts to manipulate love prove futile and her pride in her matchmaking abilities unfounded, everyone gets their own happy ending as Austen explores themes of social status, objectivity, and misunderstanding.