Lysistrata, an ancient comic play, tells the story of Lysistrata as she schemes with other Greek women to end the Peloponnesian War, a conflict between Athens and a league of city-states led by Sparta. Lysistrata convinces women on both sides of the war to agree to withhold sex from their husbands until a peace treaty is signed, and a chorus of old women helps emphasize the influence that women have on the conflict. The women's plan is successful in this political comedy that touches on ideas of reason and resolution.
Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria is a psychoanalytic case study by Sigmund Freud. The study concerns Freud's controversial failed treatment of Ida Bauer (Dora), who was his patient in 1900. Freud analyzes Dora's dreams and background, diagnosing her with hysteria and claiming that it was the result of her sexual frustration, both her jealousy of her father's relationship with Frau K and her repressed desire for Herr K, whose sexual advances she rejected.
New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis is a collection of lectures by Sigmund Freud, intended as a supplement to his Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. The lectures outline and clarify many of Freud's main theories about the conscious ego, the erotic and chaotic id and the moralizing societally-imposed superego. Freud also outlines his theory of the dichotomy between eros and thanatos (the life and death-drives, respectively), and his beliefs about female sexuality, characterized by penis-envy.