North and South is the story of Margaret Hale who, along with her family, comes to the rapidly industrializing North of England in the fictional factory town of Milton. There Margaret witnesses the hardships brought about by the Industrial Revolution and clashes repeatedly with local cotton magnate and factory owner John Thornton. The book functions as an examination and critique of industrial culture in the United Kingdom during the Industrial Revolution, touching on Union rights, striking, and workplace dangers.

Summary of North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell

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