Looking Backward: 2000-1887 is a science fiction book that criticizes the evils of American capitalism in the Gilded Age and argues for a socialist society of individualism and equality. The novel tells the story of Julian West, a man who falls into a hypnotic slumber and awakes in the year 2000. West meets a Dr. Leete, who shows him the new world, explaining the benefits of the state-owned economic system: reduction of menial labor, early retirement, individual freedom, abundance and equal distribution of wealth.

Summary of Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy

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