Civilization and Its Discontents argues that society was conceived in order to minimize the displeasure caused by living with other people, but has resulted in people unwittingly becoming neurotic. In order for a society to function it must impose laws that repress the individual's destructive death-drive, thanatos, causing natural aggression to be forced back on the ego in the form of guilt. Writing after World War I, Freud directs his analysis towards humanity as a whole, wondering how scientific advancement and this repression will play out culturally and politically.

Summary of Civilization and Its Discontents by Sigmund Freud

Below is a list of Civilization and Its Discontents Cliff Notes and Civilization and Its Discontents SparkNotes. Not looking for a Civilization and Its Discontents summary? Search above for 5000 other chapter summaries, curated from popular sites like SparkNotes and Cliff Notes.

Civilization and Its Discontents Chapter Summaries (Free)

1GradeSaver

Review: You won't get any frills with GradeSaver -- just the content you expect. Their study guides include a full plot summary, themes and character analysis, study questions, and the e-text of the book. One hidden gem is their collection of literature essays, but you'll have to pay for it.